State Population: Aberrations and realities

Published at November 10, 2017 12:11 AM 0Comment(s)3762views

Ibni Salam Bin Ali

Census is conducted by listing the families who reside at a particular place for more than six months up to the cut-off date. This is one of the principles and it is irrespective of the place of residence of the persons. The distortion that may show up at state, district, block or panchayat level is rectified by applying a uniform principle by the Directorate General of Census at central level to offset the effects that arise due to adoption of existing temporary domicile factors. The reliability and accuracy on the data has been upheld since 1941. However, the State of Jammu Kashmir has put forth some baffling figures.

The male/female mismatch and its comporting neither with national nor state indices itself establishes beyond doubt that Non-Permanent Residents (NPRs) are included in the data generated under Census 2011 which is also corroborated by official data about present permanent resident population of Hindus in the Valley not exceeding 3000 souls and number of such families in Leh and Kargil districts countable on fingers. 

Evidently, the source for this distortion is the presence of army, para-military troopers, and workers in organized and un-organized sectors but despite principles of inclusion and exclusion adopted at national level a class, over and above of the genuine permanent residents, has emerged from out of the categories normatively accounted for under census.

There are 14 core in Leh, 15 core in Srinagar, 16 core in Jammu, 7th core in Pathankote with jurisdiction extended over international border from Pathankote to R.S Pura, Headquarters of Northern Command at Udhampur, 10-15 Group Centres of BSF and CRPF and three Project Organization of BRO in the State and workers in industrial hubs of Kathua, Jammu and Samba.

The NPR persons would be to the extent of 2,36,792 in Kashmir division and on the same analogy 2.30 lakh persons in Jammu division (though case for more can be made out) apart from West Pak Refugees who ironically were 5764 families in 1947 comprising of 47215 souls and whose population by now should have been around 2.36 lakhs and voters registered upto 1.42 lakhs @ 60 percent of the total population.

 However, out of them registered number of voters at present being around 32000 only implies that remaining have succeeded in obtaining status of permanent residents clandestinely and form part of the state population.

The 31619 families registered as displaced from Pak Administered Kashmir in 1947 are permanent residents of the State and already settled in districts of Jammu, samba, Kathua, Udhampur, Rajouri and Poonch except that while about 20 lakh people from Jammu Kashmir are in Pakistan and Pakistan Administered Kashmir (PAK)-(1998 census of Pakistan) having left behind about 16 lakh kananls of land against four lakh PaK population settled here and in rest of the country and having left behind not more than 2.75 lakh kanals of land in PaK.

Guided by the postulations derived from above discussion, the permanent resident population of the State shall get reduced by at least five lakhs and hence the total population of the State would be 1,20,41,302 approximately instead of 1,25,41,302 churned out in census 2011 where under the population of Kashmir division and Jammu division was 71,62,764 and 53,71,538 which works out to 57.11% and 42.85% respectively to the state population but with the reduction as at above the population of Kashmir division and Jammu division would be 69,32,764 and 50,78,538 respectively.

The outcome is that against 35,66,674 Hindu population recorded in census 2011 permanent residents there from are 30,66,674 only connoting their strength vis state population at 25.46% against 28.44% and Muslim population consisting of 85,67,485 souls shall represent 71.15% against 68.31% indicated in census figures.

In Jammu division alone the Muslims comprising of 20,65,124 form 39.43% from out of  50,78,538 population of Jammu division.

The possibility of NPRs in Gujjar/ Bakerwals, Scheduled Castes and others cannot be ruled out but the number is not anticipated to be alarming so as to affect the reliability of data findings. The ST population of 14,93,299 works out to 12.40% of the State population with 54.29% of them in Jammu division and 45.70% in Kashmir division including Leh and Kargil Districts, otherwise, it is 31.00% and 14.61% in Valley and Leh & Kargil districts respectively.

The ST population from out of 50.78 lakhs of Jammu division and 66.88 lakhs of Kashmir valley is 15.96% and 7.00% respectively and together with Leh and Kargil it is 10.00% in Kashmir division.

In the districts of Anantnag, Kulgam, Shopian, Pulwama and Budgam and Tehsil Tangmarg the migration of Gujjars from Gool Gulabgarh, Poonch and Rajouri has been phenomenal after 1975 and out of total ST population in Valley such people are not less than 20 to 30% and either settled in Valley or have hearths both at their native places as well as in the Valley and get counted at both places largely owing to mediocre approach of staff deployed for collection of census data.

Even in Valley Muslims not speaking Kashmiri as mother tongue are clubbed as Gujjar and Bakerwals at the cost of separate identity of Paharis and non-Kashmiri speaking Hindus taken as Punjabis while they could be Dogras, Punjabis and others.

The Scheduled Caste population is 9,24,991 representing 7.68% of the State population but is 18% of the population of Jammu division and due to exception to the principle of domicility adopted under JK Civil Services Decentralization and Recruitment Act- 2010, 8% posts apportioned for them in Kashmir division when none of them is ordinarily residing therein.

Ordinarily, the reservation for SCs in district and divisional cadre in Jammu ought to be 18% instead of 8% but it is Kashmir division which has been made a sacrificial goat by breaching the plank of domicility.

The data of Census 2011 pertaining to scheduled and non-scheduled languages spoken in JK has not been released by Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India but interestingly the similar data of Census 2001 reveals Koshur, Dogri, Punjabi and (Balti, Ladakhi, Sheena, Tibetian, Pushtoo) spoken by 55.38%, 22.51%, 1.94% and 1.66% respectively without the said data related to Gojri, Pahari, Pogli and Bhaderwahi who constitute about 16% of State population and non-Permanent Residents speaking other scheduled and non-scheduled languages are also included in remaining 18.51% (16 2.51) of population.




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