Behavioural disorders among children are an important public health issue because of their prevalence, early onset, and impact on the child, family, and community as a whole.
For some children,behavioural disorders might result in serious difficulties at home, with peer relationships, and in school and affect their academic performance. These disorders also can be associated with substance use, criminal behaviour, and other risk-taking behaviours. Behavioural disorders among children associate with their adulthood.
In childhood an individual may reflect numerous behavioural problems and psychological disorders. The problems may be either temporary in nature or may afflict them through their lives. Some of the commonly found behavioural problems in children are introversion, aggression, depression, anxiety disorder, learning disorder etc. They seem irritable when they are not feeling well or are tired.
In order to show that they are growing up, they may argue with their parents on minor issues or may disobey them. Sometimes they may lie to get rid of a trouble. Because they are able to understand difference truth and lie.
Therefore it is the responsibility of the parents to give due attention to their children and take care of them; so, that their behaviours may not take a wrong turn. Children sometimes feel being ignored or insecure. To gain attention of his parents they exhibit abnormal behaviours.
There are mainly two types of behaviour problems: oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.
Oppositional defiant disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder is a type behavioural disorder in which children show a frequent and persistent pattern of anger, arguing, defiance etc towards their parents and authority figures. They will always do things to annoy other people and may lose their temper frequently. They will not show such behaviours only to their parents and authority figures but also to classmates, siblings and their friends.
Their thinking and behaviours have an adverse effect on their families as well as their as well as their social groups. Oppositional defiant disorder can vary in severity. It may be mild, moderate or severe.
Conduct disorder is a type of disorder when children engage in antisocial behaviours. They have trouble in following rules and struggle to show empathy to others. They cause problems to them and their family and may threaten the safety of themselves and others.
At the time such children damage property irrespective of the fact whether it belongs to them or not. Such children involve in crimes like theft or may sometimes kill a person. These children stay out late without permission and initiate physical fights. It is a more serious phase of oppositional defiant disorder and needs professional help.
Behavioural disorders can have a variety of causes. Some of the fundamental causes of these problems or disorders are:
Family discord sometimes become an important cause of the behavioural disorder of a child. Lack of mutual understanding between parents will result in the disturbance of whole environment of the home. Instead of making proper arrangements for the upbringing of their children they are busy in exchanging abuses, insulting and accusations.
The discord may result in divorce of the mother. Being evident to all these happening with in the family the child becomes victim of psychological and behavioural disorders. These children feel inferior and lose sense of security before their peers who live happily with their parents.
A child learns more learns from what we are than what we teach him. A child is a best imitator and is always busy in observing and noticing their parents, other members of the family, their friends, teachers and other associated people. How can a smoking father advice his ward not to smoke.
Because the child has observed his father smoking in front of him. A child could fall into the habit of telling lies he finds his parents or the elders telling lie him or others. Therefore imitating such activities will result in the behavioural problems of a child.
Humiliation and degradation
Parents often humiliate their children to prevent unfavourablebehaviours. They assume that the child will not repeat the behaviour. In reality they opt for a short-term solution that will probably be ineffective in the long run. Rather it becomes a cause for such a behavioural problem which affects the child throughout the life. Humiliation leaves lasting effect irrespective of being physical or emotional. Slapping and abusing a child publicly will result in the behaviour troubles of a child.
The child will thus develop in him the habit of lying to get rid of these punishments. He will always try to conceal the truth. Punishment approach will lead to serious behavioural problems and will affect the personality of a child in the long way.
Parental control directly influences the behavioural patterns of the child. The direct exaggerated observation assumed by the parents deprives the child of a sense of security and independence. The more controlling parents are, the harder it is for the child to depict normal behaviours; and he will feel inferior before others.
Therefore, a child should be observed indirectly in a moderate way; his point of view regarding different family issues should be considered and above all his questions should be answered by the parents without being authoritative. Excessive dominance by parents may yield unfavourable results.
Unnecessary questioning regarding what they eat or wear; and noticing their every moments indicate the clear dominance of the parents. Such excessive dominance adversely affect a child’s personality and start showing abnormal behaviours.
Children living in the families with financial strains often exhibit behaviour problems. These children are hyperactive and aggressive. Their behaviour problems often affect their school performance. Because of experiencing economic stress, their parents couldn’t pay due attention to them, thus results in their behaviour problems.
The longer the poverty persists, the more the behaviour problems will occur. Poverty gives birth to other family problems. Which directly influence the psyche of the child.
Therefore it is the responsibility of the parents to respond to their behavioural problems in such a way, so that the child will not repeat these behavioural problems. They should help their children by rewarding them for behaving well. Children shouldn’t be treated aggressively by their parents if so they are more likely to be aggressive themselves.
Also due attention should be paid to children so that they may not feel insecure or inferior. In case of serious behaviouralproblems, a professional should be consulted as immediate remedy.